The Mixed Migration Hub Working group (MHub) is the public platform of the North Africa Mixed Migration Task Force, a joint initiative of IOM, DRC, OHCRH, RMMS, Save the Children, UNHCR and UNODC.
Mhub is undertaking field surveys with migrants, refugees and asylum seekers along key migratory routes to build a body of data over time and map country and regional mixed migration trends. This snapshot presents early survey findings of the profiles, intentions and experiences of those who travel in mixed migration flows.
Mali is an important transit zone for migrants from West and Central African countries. These migrants are generally located in the regions of Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu, Kayes, Koulikoro and Segou. Many go through these regions to reach North Africa and Europe. The results are based on 109 interviews conducted between March and May 2016in Gao, Kayes, Timbuktu, Nara, and Benama Yelimane in Mali. Gao’s region serves as a passage for most sub-Saharan migrants in transit to Algeria, Libya and the borders of northern Niger.
During their travels, the majority of respondents indicated that they had received threats or have been abused at the hands of traffickers. They also recounted experiences such as the forced use of drugs and physical violence inflicted by these traffickers. 46% of respondents said they felt unsafe at some point in their journey. Over 70% of respondents either had or witnessed negative encounters with the militias or smugglers .96% of respondents said they did not plan to stay in Mali.
The MHub Footprints, a migration migration database, was created to enable:
- Interactive visualization of data on mixed migration flows in the country, to other countries and throughout North Africa.
- Production of mixed migration trends at the country level through conducting surveys that examine: the types of migrants, their origins and routes, intentions, experiences and vulnerabilities to exploitation, and levels of awareness of risks posed by migration.
- Mapping of all organizations that collect data on migration, to allow MHub to tap into these resources in the future.
It is in this context that MHub mission, consisting of two persons Audrey METCALF (Research Coordinator) and RAMIZOVA Cholpon (Data Processing Manager and Operational Support), visited Mali from 16th to 17th May for making contact with the focal point and data manager of migrants MHub Amadou BOITE, IOM-Mali and governmental and non-governmental involved in the mixed migration data management.
After a meeting on May 16th with government structures (Center for Information and Migration Management, and the Ministry of Malians outside and African integration) and two non-governmental structures (Associations of Central Africa Citizens in Mali and the Association of Expelled Malians), a presentation of the MHub database was held on May 17th in the conference room of IOM-Bamako, in which participated a few agents of the IOM-Mali and structures below:
- DNDS (National Department of Social Development)
- Civil protection
- Borders police
- AME (Association of Expelled Malians)
- UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
- ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross)
- GMREB (Centre for Migration Information and Management)
- Ministry of Malians Abroad and African Integration
- Malian Red Cross
During the MHub mission in Mali, meetings were conducted to establish a collaboration with stakeholders to better manage the mixed migration crisis that faces North Africa .The presentation on the database MHub has shown the work already done in Mali and in the countries of North Africa to feed the database and a request to stakeholders was made for data update.